When It Comes to Coffee Consumption, European Union Takes the (Coffee) Cake.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, the European Union consumed the most of our favorite caffeinated beverage in 2015, with an incredible 43.1 million 60-kg bags. This comes to a staggering 5.7 billion (yes, that’s with a “B”–I double-checked my conversion) pounds of coffee consumed in the European Union alone. A quick Google search shows that a 2013 census estimated Europe’s total population to be around 742.5 million (granted, this technically isn’t representative of the EU population). Nonetheless, given these numbers, this means that as a consumption-per-capita, a European drinks almost 7.7 pounds of coffee a year. That’s a lot of java!
America Comes In a Not-So-Close Second in Total Coffee Consumption, but Drink More Per Person
Americans have become coffee-crazed over the past few years. America relatively consumed (only) 24.8 million 60-kg bags, or 3.3 billion pounds, compared to our friends oversea. With the American population estimated at around 318.9 million (2014), this puts the average American’s consumption-per-capita at around 10.3 pounds annually. This number continues to grow: as a country, we consumed 264 million more pounds of coffee than we did in 2011.
Where Does All The Coffee Come From?
Brazil is expected to be the largest coffee exporter in the world, at 35.2 million 60-kg bags, or 4.7 billion pounds, exported annually. If Brazil meets these goals, that will show an increase of 18% compared to exports in 2011.
While countries like Brazil and Colombia are seeing a positive trend in coffee exports, they still have to face problems of their own. Excessive rainfall due to climate change leads to a coffee parasite, coffee rust, which can wipe out entire crops. On the other side of the coin, countries like Vietnam are suffering from arid, dry growing seasons, and have had a couple of devastating crops in the past several years.